Dr Nicole Gardner is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Built Environment, Faculty of Arts, Design and Architecture (ADA) at the University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. She is an Australian Registered Architect (NSW 7921) with over twelve years of project experience in Adelaide, London, and Sydney. Nicole’s teaching and research centres on the history and theory of architectural and urban technologies, the design of smart spaces, and digital transformation in the AEC industry. She is currently writing a sole-authored book titled Scaling the Smart City: The design and ethics of urban technology (Elsevier 2024), and recently co-edited the proceedings for the Computer Aided Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA) 2022 conference on “Post Carbon” futures. Nicole has won two Commonwealth grants for projects on design technology innovation and digital heritage and was awarded a UNSW ADA Faculty Research Fellowship in 2021.